Banyan Global- Innovative market approaches to development

Innovative market approaches to development

Banyan Global

Asia and Pacific

Strengthening Urban Resilience for Growth with Equity (SURGE)

Philippines, August 2015 - April 2020

Banyan Global is a subcontractor to International City/County Management Association (ICMA) on Strengthening Urban Resilience for Growth with Equity (SURGE), a five-year project supporting the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Philippines’ Cities Development Initiative. SURGE fosters developing conditions for broad‐based, inclusive, and resilient economic growth for a critical mass of cities and surrounding areas outside metro Manila. Our full-time, local gender specialist ensures that gender is integrated and mainstreamed throughout the program—including policies and operations—and in project design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, and reporting processes. She is developing tailored capacity-building and support plans to improve municipal governments’ capabilities to address and incorporate gender considerations into policy development, planning, and implementation. For example, Banyan Global’s local gender specialist developed and facilitated multi-day technical trainings on gender and development for Zamboanga and Puerto Princesa city government officials. Banyan Global recently completed leading a project-wide gender analysis that examines USAID ADS 205 gender domains across 6 target cities in the Philippines. Banyan Global will also provide gender integration training to all project staff and implementing partners, with this training then rolled out to partners, cooperators, and key stakeholders in all target cities.

Asia and Middle East Economic Growth Best Practices Project

Asia and Middle East, January 2013-September 2016

Banyan Global is a sub-contractor to Chemonics on the USAID-funded Asia and Middle East Economic Growth Best Practices project (AMEG), which provides USAID missions in those regions with the tools to conduct successful economic and financial management assessments, strategic planning, diagnostics, pilots, and program designs. With USAID funding, AMEG promotes systematic policy and institutional reforms in support of expanded trade and investment, broad-based economic growth, and poverty reduction in Asia and the Middle East. Its work also includes identifying and promoting interventions, best practices, and pilot activities that support economic, financial management, budget, and public sector performance reforms; private sector investment; and more sustainable inclusive growth. Identifying and promoting these activities, interventions, and best practices emphasizes the importance of knowledge-sharing and management of critical economic and financial policy issues facing the region.

AMEG also focuses on key issues that are unique to the region, including workforce development, unemployment, and underemployment —particularly among youth and women —rates of investment, domestic production and trade, small and medium enterprises, and informal markets. AMEG activities promote the policies and best practices that support more equitable outcomes and inclusive growth. Banyan Global work across all technical areas on the project.

Indo-Pacific Economic Corridor (IPEC): Coordinated Regional Trade Analysis

Asia and Pacific, 2014-2015

This work supports the United States’ vision of an Indo-Pacific Economic Corridor (IPEC) that bridges South and Southeast Asia to promote regional stability and economic prosperity. In collaboration with the State Department and USAID under the Asia and Middle East Economic Growth Best Practices project, Banyan Global conducted a regional trade analysis in order to promote greater regional economic connectivity in Asia by: 1) fostering economic growth and regional trade in South Asia; 2) increasing private sector competitiveness in the region by enhancing the business environment; 3) engaging the private sector on economic issues, particularly regional trade, in South Asia and trade between South and Southeast Asia; and 4) encouraging stronger economic integration between South and Southeast Asia, engaging such regional institutions as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). The regional trade analysis included trade data and literature reviews, a map identifying major trade corridors and product/service flows, an analysis of regional agreements and their implementation, and a list of the regional, national, private, and donor initiatives that support trade facilitation.  The document also identified the key top line objectives/indicators for increased regional trade, including the priority objectives for the next five to 10 years that would increase trade values/volumes and other key indicators of regional trade integration (such as reduction in transit times in key corridors or key legal/regulatory/procedural reforms). In addition, the analysis prioritized a list of potential interventions in sectors and countries that would help to further integrate trade regionally.

Supporting Opportunities in Livelihoods Development Project

Sri Lanka, 2014

As a subcontractor to Chemonics, Banyan Global worked in Sri Lanka in 2014 to assist USAID to expand its livelihoods work through the Supporting Opportunities in Livelihoods Development (SOLID) pilot activity. The SOLID pilot activity’s purpose is to strengthen the livelihoods of vulnerable populations in selected areas of Sri Lanka. SOLID will achieve this purpose through strengthening the capacity of vulnerable households to contribute productively in economically competitive value chains in a manner that generates sustained increases in financial, physical, social, and human capital for targeted beneficiaries. After significant analysis, USAID/Sri Lanka determined that opportunities in the dairy, poultry, and horticulture sectors will be the most viable in strengthening the livelihoods of vulnerable populations and putting them on a path toward a more sustainable future.

Banyan Global proposed districts in Sri Lanka that the SOLID activity will target for implementation, created a short-list of regional implementing partners for future subcontracting based on the district selection, proposed the value chains that the SOLID activity should focus on within each district during implementation, and shortlisted private sector counterparts. Potential target districts include Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Vavuniya, Mullaitivu, Batticaloa, Anuradhapura, Monaragala, Polonnaruwa, and Badulla. The selection process considered the following: density of vulnerable households; viability of dairy, poultry, and horticulture livelihood activities for targeted beneficiaries; presence of milk production groups and private sector partners to link producers to sustainable markets; and existence of appropriately skilled local institutions through which to implement interventions.

Banyan Global’s Senior Poultry Specialist led the execution of the selection process that considered the potential impact of bolstering the poultry value chain for each proposed district, and the capacity of potential regional implementing partners to contribute to SOLID’s future work in the poultry sector.

USAID Value Chain Assessment in Pakistan

Pakistan, 2013

Under the Asia and Middle East Economic Growth Best Practices project, Banyan Global fielded a senior value chain expert who participated on an USAID team to identify constraints and opportunities in Pakistan’s selected value chains based on the value chains’ ability to create employment and increase incomes in urban areas. The team reviewed information technology, garments, leather, pharmaceuticals, herbal medicine, marble, and surgical instruments as value chains. Information technology was highlighted as a particularly important value chain in part due to its potential to increase youth employment. Banyan Global identified the specific business enabling environment issues, including management, technological, labor force, financial, marketing and infrastructure, that hinder improvements in the competitiveness of specific value chains. Based on this analysis, Banyan Global made recommendations for an implementation strategy to resolve these constraints to create employment, target youth, and raise incomes. We also assessed cross-cutting issues of energy, gender, finance, and the enabling environment. In addition, we developed recommendations for USAID for each value chain for follow-up interventions.

Livelihoods/Vulnerable Populations Assessment

Sri Lanka, 2012-2013

Banyan Global conducted the Livelihoods/Vulnerable Populations Assessment under the Asia and Middle East Economic Growth Best Practices project as a sub-contractor to Chemonics.  Banyan Global studied the economic climate in Sri Lanka related to addressing the livelihoods of vulnerable populations in historically conflict-affected areas. In particular, the work assessed the impediments to inclusive economic development of vulnerable populations in Sri Lanka (especially in the North, and the Eastern Districts of North and South Trincomalee and West Batticaloa) disadvantaged by the 26 year civil war, in order to increase economic participation and growth and lead to reconciliation. Special attention and analysis was given to the situation of you and women, particularly in the North, to identify constraints that can be relieved (such as reforming land tenure rights to increase farming activities) and opportunities for programming to create livelihood opportunities, particularly for the most vulnerable, such as Tamil women, war widows and youth.

Banyan Global assessed the constraints to economic growth for vulnerable populations, identified opportunities to increase access to livelihoods assistance for these populations, and developed a strategy for the USAID mission to address these issues over the next several years. We presented recommendations for proposed interventions for USAID/Sri Lanka to implement through existing and new activities to increase livelihoods, jobs and income generation for the affected populations, including women, youth, and the disabled.

Technical Assistance for Capacity Building in Midwifery Information and Logistics (TACMIL) Project

Pakistan, December 2007–December 2009

Banyan Global was a subcontractor to Abt Associates on the United States Agency for International Development-funded TACMIL project. The two-year project provided technical assistance to the public and private health sectors to improve health service delivery with a focus on maternal, reproductive, and child health. The effort addressed a principal focus of the government of Pakistan: to significantly reduce maternal and infant mortality rates by introducing a cadre of community-based midwives to the continuum of health care provision. Through the Community Midwife Program, women between the ages of 17 and 35 were recruited and trained as midwives to be based in their villages to provide safe antenatal, postnatal, and birthing services; reproductive health care; and family planning services to rural women. And each new community midwife is expected to establish a private birthing station in her village. Banyan Global also designed a business-training program to facilitate the transition from a student midwife to a private practitioner at the village level. Banyan Global built the capacity of local partners, including the government and the Midwifery Association of Pakistan, to offer the training to midwives. More than 900 community midwives received training by the end of the project.

Microfinance Sector Study

March 2005–July 2005

At the request of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), Banyan Global conducted a review of Indonesia’s microfinance sector. Our team explored market opportunities for IFC’s Access to Finance program, including forming an apex facility, establishing a rating company, developing a learning center, and creating an investment company. Additionally, Banyan Global investigated financial linkages with IFC’s business development service programs, focusing on agribusiness and handicrafts.

The Market-Based Partnerships for Health (MBPH) in India Project

India, November 2009–May 2012

Banyan Global was a subcontractor to Abt Associates on MBPH, a four-year USAID-funded project designed to build on, implement, institutionalize, and scale up market-based partnerships for health in USAID India’s key priority areas, including reproductive health, maternal and child health, tuberculosis, hygiene promotion, safe water, and HIV and AIDS. The project also explored new commercial-sector opportunities to accelerate public health improvements, especially for low-income and rural populations. Banyan Global assessed and addressed the business constraints that private health providers participating in networks faced in achieving public health outcomes.

Afghan Small and Medium Enterprise Development Project (ASMED)

Afghanistan, January 2007–January 2012

ASMED was one of the largest and most significant enterprise development projects aimed at supporting the micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSME) sector to create jobs and opportunities in post-war Afghanistan. ASMED is composed of the following components: market information, business-development and management skills, business associations, global development alliances and grants, and human capacity building. As a subcontractor to DAI, Banyan Global led the projects monitoring and evaluation.  Banyan Global provided a full-time monitoring and evaluation specialist who monitored and reported on the results and impact of project activities. In addition Banyan Global provided input to the project’s core technical areas. Banyan Global supported a special research initiative to measure the impact of the project on generating employment. Banyan Global also provided short-term advisory work to strengthen business-development services, contributed to research and impact assessments, and improved linkages with financial-services providers. In late 2008 Banyan Global fielded a short-term training specialist who worked with local BDS firms to revise and develop new materials for an accounting and bookkeeping course targeting MSMEs financed by the First Microfinance Bank of Afghanistan. After piloting the course, the trainer worked closely with business-development service firms to revise course materials and develop a plan for rolling out the course to other financial institutions in Afghanistan. In 2009 we provided short-term technical assistance focusing on access to finance for potential clients at the bottom of the pyramid, as well as technical support and capacity building to the Afghan Bankers’ Association.

Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) Project in Bangladesh

Bangladesh, 2011

Banyan Global participated in a private health–sector assessment in Bangladesh at the request of USAID. Banyan Global explored business constraints to the development of the private health sector, including access to finance. Banyan Global also examined workplace programming and health insurance. At the end of the assessment, the SHOPS team made a number of recommendations, categorizing short- and long-term priorities, analyzed against the USAID Bangladesh Global Health Initiative.

Strengthening Evaluation and Assessment of Poverty and Conflict/Fragility Interventions Grants Under Contract (GUC)

Global, July 2009–December 2010

In July 2009 Banyan Global was awarded one of five grants under USAID’s GUC entitled Strengthening Evaluation and Assessment of Poverty and Conflict/Fragility Interventions. The overall project advances best practices in economic growth and conflict mitigation by providing tools and methodologies for practitioners to measure the impact of economic opportunity interventions on poverty and conflict. Under this grant Banyan Global is designing a monitoring and evaluation framework to measure the impact of enterprise-development and employment-generation programs on conflict and poverty at the household and community levels. Banyan Global is designing a baseline and final assessment tool and broader research methodology to assess the impact of entrepreneurship and enterprise-development support on the employees of supported enterprises, particularly in relation to poverty and conflict. The methodology is being designed around an entrepreneurship-support program in Afghanistan implemented by the Business Council for Peace, which supports women entrepreneurs in conflict and post-conflict countries. Our focus on impacts at the employee level will provide a broader picture of the diffused impact of enterprise-development activities, while making the framework relevant to a broad range of early economic recovery interventions, which often focus on employment generation.

Strengthening Evaluation and Assessment of Poverty and Conflict/Fragility Interventions Grants Under Contract (GUC)

Global, July 2009–December 2010

In July 2009 Banyan Global was awarded one of five grants under USAID’s GUC entitled Strengthening Evaluation and Assessment of Poverty and Conflict/Fragility Interventions. The overall project advances best practices in economic growth and conflict mitigation by providing tools and methodologies for practitioners to measure the impact of economic opportunity interventions on poverty and conflict. Under this grant Banyan Global is designing a monitoring and evaluation framework to measure the impact of enterprise-development and employment-generation programs on conflict and poverty at the household and community levels. Banyan Global is designing a baseline and final assessment tool and broader research methodology to assess the impact of entrepreneurship and enterprise-development support on the employees of supported enterprises, particularly in relation to poverty and conflict. The methodology is being designed around an entrepreneurship-support program in Afghanistan implemented by the Business Council for Peace, which supports women entrepreneurs in conflict and post-conflict countries. Our focus on impacts at the employee level will provide a broader picture of the diffused impact of enterprise-development activities, while making the framework relevant to a broad range of early economic recovery interventions, which often focus on employment generation.

Incentives Driving Economic Alternatives–North, East, West (IDEA-NEW)

Afghanistan, November 2009–October 2010

Banyan Global is providing ongoing short-term technical support to the DAI-led IDEA-NEW project in Afghanistan. Banyan Global provides technical and capacity-building assistance to the project’s Gender and Microenterprise (GME) Unit, which supports and strengthens women’s economic activities in Afghanistan. Banyan Global is focused on integrating the GME Unit’s activities intoIDEA-NEW’s broader value chain and private-sector development initiatives by assessing the roles of women in high potential rural value chains and directing project support towards engaging women in key functions. Banyan Global also is providing ongoing capacity-building support to theGME team to incorporate women’s income-generating activities into a sustainable economic growth strategy.

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